Orienteering or navigation – almost everyone knows about them. It is necessary for many professions. It’s hard to imagine a modern man, who cannot do orienteering. It’s not unusual that in New Zealand, just like in many countries, orienteering is part of the school programme. The fastest, finest and most popular way of introducing students to orienteering are orienteering competitions. Orienteering is a unique type of sport, which is equally dependent upon the thinking and sporting character of the individual. - with its wide variety of movement techniques, orienteering surpasses cross-country running; - given that the main indicator of endurance is maximum oxygen intake or an individual’s aerobic capacity, the stronger orienteers are at the same level as Olympic Champions in such sporting pursuits as skiing and cycling: - there is no equal to it for maximising brain function; Scientists who evaluate more than 35 kind of sports put orienteering on first place according salutary influence on people: Using the main characteristics of orienteering thinking and physical activity at the same time for the development of intellectual abilities of the person, it has been estimated that the understanding and remembering of information is increased by 40 times. To reach the top, you need to be extremely fit and a first class map reader and navigator; but most regular orienteers do it because they enjoy the challenge, the exercise, the fresh air and the opportunity to visit new places.